Third Edition – Table of Contents

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Chapter 1
The History of The Aramaic and Syriac Languages: ܬܫܥܝܬܐ ܕܠܫ̈ܢܐ ܐܪܡܝܐ ܘܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ

Chapter 2: The Modern Syriac Language – Eastern Dialect - ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ ـ ܠܥܙܐ ܡܕܢܚܝܐ
  • Syriac Language Dialects
    • The Eastern Dialect
    • The Western Dialect
    • The Syriac Translation
  • Syriac Scripts
    • Estrangelo
    • Serto
    • Garshouni
  • Syriac Language ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ
    • Eastern Alphabet – ܐܬܘܬ̈ܐ ܡܕܚܝܐ
    • Final Form
    • The Special Form of ܬ (Taw)
    • Un-joined Letters
    • Vowels
    • Numerical Values
  • Western Letters: ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܡܥܪ̈ܒܝܐ (ܣܝܼܪܬܘܼ)
    • Western Vowels
  • The Eastern Syriac Seven Vowels – ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
    • Sqapa ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Pthaha ܦܬܵܚܵܐ
    • Zlama Psheeqa ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Rawahha ܪܘܵܚܵܐ ܘ
    • Rawassa ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
    • Hawassa ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝ
  • Characters Key
  • The First Group – ܐܒܓܕ
    • Alap: ܐܲܠܲܦ – ܐ ܐ
    • Beth: ܒܹܝܬܼ – ܒ
    • Gamal ܓ – ܓܲܡܲܠ
    • Dalath: ܕ ܕ – ܕܲܠܲܬܼ
  • The Second Group – ܗܘܙ
    • Heh: ܗ ܗ – ܗܹܐ
    • Wow: ܘ– ܘܵܐܘ
    • Zain: ܙ– ܙܲܝܢ
  • The Third Group – ܚܛܝ
    • Heth: ܚ–ܚܹܝܬܼ
    • Teth: ܛ – ܛܹܝܬܼ
    • Yod: ܝ –ܝܘܿܕ
  • The Fourth Group – ܟܠܡܢ
    • Kap and Kap: ܟܢ ܟ ܟܵܦ ܘ ܟܵܦ
    • Lamath: ܠ – ܠܲܡܲܖ
    • Meem and Meem:ܡܒܡ –ܡܝܼܡ ܘ ܡܝܼܡ
    • Noon and Noon: ܢ ܢܢ – ܢܘܼܢ ܘ ܢܘܼܢ
  • The Fifth Group – ܣܥܦܨ
    • Simkath: ܣ – ܣܸܡܟܲܬܼ
    • Aeh: ܥ – ܥܹܐ
    • Peh: ܦ – ܦܹܐ
    • Sade: ܨ – ܨܵܕܹܐ
  • The Sixth Group – ܩܪܫܬ
    • Qop: ܩ – ܩܘܿܦ
    • Resh: ܪ ܪ – ܪܹܫ
    • Sheen: ܫ – ܫܝܼܢ
    • Taw: ܬ ܬ– ܬܵܐܘ
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 2 Exercises

Chapter 3: The Vowels - ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
  • Syllabification and Pronunciation – ܪܬܡܐ
  • Sqapa ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Words Containing Sqapa
  • Pthaha ܦܬܼܵܚܵܐ
    • Words Containing Pthaha
  • Zlama Psheeqa ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Psheeqa
  • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Qishya
  • Vowels That Derived From ܘ
    • Rawahha ܘܿ ܪܘܵܚܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawahha
    • Rawassa ܘܼ ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawassa
  • Vowel That Derived From ܝ
    • Hawassa ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝܼ
      • Words Containing Hawassa
  • More Syllabification and Pronunciation
  • Chapter 3 Review
  • Chapter 3 Exercises

Chapter 4: Numbers and Time - ܡܢܝܢ̈ܐ ܘ ܥܕܢܐ
  • The Plural Form ܣܝܡ̈ܐ
  • The Feminine and Masculine Forms ܕܟܪܢܝܐ: ܢܩܒܬܢܝܐ
  • The Names of Number in Syriac
    • Cardinal Numbers: 1 to 10
    • Counting By Tens (20 to 90)
    • Compound Numbers: 21 to 99
    • Hundreds: ܐܡ̈ܐ
      • How to read hundreds?
    • The Numerical Values and Names Beyond 499
    • Thousands: ܐܠܦ̈ܐ
      • How to read thousands?
  • Ordinal Numbers ܣܕܪܢܝܐ
    • Using Regular Numbers For Ordinal Numbers
  • Fractions ܬܒܪ̈ܐ
  • Percentages
  • Reading Sums of Money
  • Pronouncing Measurements
  • Pronouncing Years
  • Pronouncing Centuries
    • Using regular numbers
    • Using Ordinal Numbers
  • The Times ܙܘܢ̈ܐ
    • Parts of the Day: ܥܕܢ̈ܐ ܕܝܘܿܡܐ
    • Time/Hour ܫܥ̱ܬܐ
    • Numbers and Time Examples
  • Chapter 4 Exercises

Chapter 5: Days, Months, Seasons Direction, and Colors, Misc
  • Horoscope ܡܠܘܫ̈ܐ or ܒܘܼܪ̈ܓܐ
  • The Seasons ܫܘܚܠܦ̈ܐ
  • Water Status Stage ܫܚ̇ܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • Weather Status
  • The Colors ܓܘܢ̈ܐ
  • The Directions ܨܘܒ̈ܐ
  • Asking for Directions
  • The Days ܝܘ̈ܡܬܐ ܕܫܒܬܐ
    • Pronouncing Days
  • The Months ܝܪ̈ܚܐ
    • Pronouncing Date
    • Pronouncing Full Date (Month, Day, Year)
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 5 Exercises

Chapter 6: The Basic Grammar ܬܘܪܣ ܡܡܠܠܐ
  • The Hard and Soft Letters – ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܪ̈ܟܝܟܐ ܘ ܐܬܘܬܐ ܩܫܝ̄ܐ
  • Prepositions in Syriac
    • The Dependent Prepositions
    • The Independent Prepositions
  • The Subject Pronoun
  • The Syriac Nouns
    • Proper Noun ܫܸܡܵܐ ܩܢܘܿܡܵܝܵܐ
      • Persons
      • Place
      • Things
    • Common Noun ܫܸܡܵܐ ܓܵܘܵܢܵܝܵܐ
    • Collective Noun ܫܸܡܵܐ ܓܢܘܼܫܝܵܝܵܐ
  • Pronominal Prefixes and Suffixes
    • Possessive Forms of Nouns
    • Adjective Possessive
    • Absolute Possessive
  • The Adjectives ܫܘܡـــܗ̈ܐ
    • Common Adjective suffixes in Syriac
  • Determiners in Syriac
    • Articles
    • Possessive
    • Demonstratives
  • Conjunction ܐܣــــــܪ̈ܐ
    • And ܘ
    • Or ܝܲܢ
    • But ܒܲܣ -ܒܲܠܵܟܸܢ
    • Because ܒܹܝܕ
  • Comparative ܒܸܫ
  • Every/Each ܟܘܿܕ
  • The Question Words in Syriac – ܒܘܩܪ̈ܐ
  • Chapter 6 Exercises

Chapter 7: The Verbs: ܡܠܬܐ
    • The First, Second, Third Person of the following verbs:-

      • The Simple Present Verb ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܩܵܐܹܡ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
      • The Present Continuous Verb ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܩܵܐܹܡ ܣܘܼܥܪܵܢܵܝܵܐ
      • The Simple Past Verb ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܒܲܪ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
      • The Past Continuous ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܒܲܪ ܣܘܼܥܪܵܢܵܝܵܐ
      • The Present Perfect Verb ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܩܵܐܹܡ ܓܡܝܼܪܵܐ
      • The Simple Future Verb ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܬܼܝܼܖ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
      • Future Perfect Tense ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܬܼܝܼܖ ܓܡܝܼܪܵܐ
      • The – Used to – Verb
      • The Imperative Form ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܦܵܩܘܿܕܵܐ
      • The Verb “To Have” – ܐܝܼܬ̇
      • Subject-Verb Agreement
      • The Permission Verb – Let (ܫܒܼܘܿܩ)
      • The Modal Verbs
        • The Verbs (Have to, Need to) ܣܢܝܼܩܵܐ
        • Can/ be able to (Suffix + ܐܝܼܬܼ̄ܒܸ̇ܐ)
        • Could (Suffix +ܒܗܵܘܸܒܸ̇ܐ)
        • Should Verb + ܬܵܐ + ܠܵܙܹܡ
        • May (have) and Might (have) – Perhaps ܓܒܲܪܸܐ
      • Conditional
        • IF ܐܸܢ
        • Unless/If not ܐܸܢ ܠܵܐ (ܐܸܢ̄ܠܵܐ)
        • In Case ܕܠܵܐ
      • Chapter 7 Exercises

Chapter 8: The Conversations ܡܚܟܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Greetings
  • These and Those Conversation
  • This and That Conversation
  • Sweet and sour Conversation
  • They and Are They Conversation
  • Few, Little, and Lots Conversation
  • Introducing People
  • Classroom ܨܦܐ
  • Shopping at the Supermarket ܫܘܩܐ
  • Traditional Marriage ܓܘܪܐ ܕܡܬܘܬ̈ܐ
  • A New Couple And a Priest ܛܠܝܒ̈ܐ ܘܩܫܐ
  • At The Clinic ܡܣܥܪܐ
  • Internal Organs: ܗܕܡ̈ܐ ܕܓܘܫܡܵܐ ܓܘܢܝ̈ܐ
  • The Outside Members of The Human Body
  • Food ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • At Restaurant ܒܝܬ ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • Building The House ܒܢܝܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
  • Going Outside ܦܠܛܐ ܠܒܪܝܐ
  • Looking for Job ܚ̇ܙܝܐ ܕܫܘܓܠܐ

Chapter 9: The Cultural Stories – ܬܘܢܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Helping The Blind Man ܓܒܪܐ ܣܡܝܐ 227
  • The Fortune ܓܙܐ
  • My School ܡܕܪܫܬܝ
  • The Rope ܚܒܠܐ
  • The Heart ܠܒܐ
  • The Family ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
  • The Fall ܬܫܪ̈ܝܝܐ
  • The Winter ܣــــܬܘܐ
  • The Cow and The Frog ܦܩܥ̱ܐ ܘܬܘܪܬܐ
  • The Ant and The Cockroach ܨܨܪܐ ܘܫܟܘܢܐ

Chapter 10: The Vocabulary ܠܟܣܝܩܘܢ
  • Relatives ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܘܬܐ
  • Food ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • Classroom ܣܕܪܐ
  • Animals Sound ܩܠ ܕܚܝܘ̈ܬܐ
  • States Of Water ܫܚܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • Time Of The Day ܥܕܢ̈ܬܐ ܕܝܘܡܐ
  • The Fingers ܨܒܥ̈̈ܬܐ ܕܐܝܕܐ
  • The Stages Of Human Life ܡܫܩܠ̈ܐ ܕܚܝ̈ܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ

Appendix A
  • Appendix A
    • Letter Alignment Connections
    • Sounds
    • Vowles
  • Appendix B
    • Punctuation
    • Special Characters and Ligatures
    • Modifiers
  • Appendix C
    • The Hard and Soft Letters Rules
    • Hard Letters
    • Soft Letter
  • Appendix D
    • The Preposition Letter Rules
  • Appendix E
    • Silent Letters
  • Appendix F – The Plural Form ܣܝܵܡܹ̈ܐ
  • Appendix G – More about Human Body
  • Appendix H – The International Numerals
  • Appendix I – Ordinal Numbers Beyond the Tenth

References ܫܪ̈ܫܐ