Table Of Contents

2nd Edition
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Chapter 1
The History of The Aramaic and Syriac Languages: ܬܫܥܝܬܐ ܕܠܫ̈ܢܐ ܐܪܡܝܐ ܘܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ

Chapter 2: The Modern Syriac Language – Eastern Dialect - ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ ـ ܠܥܙܐ ܡܕܢܚܝܐ
  • Syriac Language Dialects
    • The Eastern Dialect
    • The Western Dialect
    • The Syriac Translation
  • Syriac Scripts
    • Estrangelo
    • Serto
    • Garshouni
  • Syriac Language ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ
    • Eastern Alphabet – ܐܬܘܬ̈ܐ ܡܕܚܝܐ
    • Final Form
    • The Special Form of ܬ (Taw)
    • Un-joined Letters
    • Vowels
    • Numerical Values
    • Characters Key
  • Western Letters: ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܡܥܪ̈ܒܝܐ (ܣܝܼܪܬܘܼ)
    • Western Vowels
  • The Eastern Syriac Seven Vowels – ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
    • Sqapa ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Pthaha ܦܬܵܚܵܐ
    • Zlama Psheeqa ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Rawahha ܪܘܵܚܵܐ ܘ
    • Rawassa ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
    • Hawassa ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝ
  • The First Group – ܐܒܓܕ
    • Alap: ܐܲܠܲܦ – ܐ ܐ
    • Beth: ܒܹܝܬܼ – ܒ
    • Gamal ܓ – ܓܲܡܲܠ
    • Dalath: ܕ ܕ – ܕܲܠܲܬܼ
  • The Second Group – ܗܘܙ
    • Heh: ܗ ܗ – ܗܹܐ
    • Wow: ܘ– ܘܵܐܘ
    • Zain: ܙ– ܙܲܝܢ
  • The Third Group – ܚܛܝ
    • Heth: ܚ–ܚܹܝܬܼ
    • Teth: ܛ – ܛܹܝܬܼ
    • Yod: ܝ –ܝܘܿܕ
  • The Fourth Group – ܟܠܡܢ
    • Kap and Kap: ܟܢ ܟ ܟܵܦ ܘ ܟܵܦ
    • Lamath: ܠ – ܠܲܡܲܖ
    • Meem and Meem:ܡܒܡ –ܡܝܼܡ ܘ ܡܝܼܡ
    • Noon and Noon: ܢ ܢܢ – ܢܘܼܢ ܘ ܢܘܼܢ
  • The Fifth Group – ܣܥܦܨ
    • Simkath: ܣ – ܣܸܡܟܲܬܼ
    • Aeh: ܥ – ܥܹܐ
    • Peh: ܦ – ܦܹܐ
    • Sade: ܨ – ܨܵܕܹܐ
  • The Sixth Group – ܩܪܫܬ
    • Qop: ܩ – ܩܘܿܦ
    • Resh: ܪ ܪ – ܪܹܫ
    • Sheen: ܫ – ܫܝܼܢ
    • Taw: ܬ ܬ– ܬܵܐܘ
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 2 Exercises

Chapter 3: The Vowels - ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
  • Syllabification and Pronunciation – ܪܬܡܐ
  • Sqapa ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Words Containing Sqapa
  • Pthaha ܦܬܼܵܚܵܐ
    • Words Containing Pthaha
  • Zlama Psheeqa ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Psheeqa
  • Zlama Qishya ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Qishya
  • Vowels That Derived From ܘ
    • Rawahha ܘܿ ܪܘܵܚܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawahha
    • Rawassa ܘܼ ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawassa
  • Vowel That Derived From ܝ
    • Hawassa ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝܼ
      • Words Containing Hawassa
  • More Syllabification and Pronunciation
  • Chapter 3 Review
  • Chapter 3 Exercises

Chapter 4: Numbers and Time - ܡܢܝܢ̈ܐ ܘ ܥܕܢܐ
  • The Names of Number in Syriac
  • Cardinal Numbers: 1 to 10
    • Counting By Tens (20 to 90)
    • Compound Numbers: 21 to 99
    • Hundreds: ܐܡ̈ܐ
      • How to read hundreds?
    • The Numerical Values and Names Behind 499
    • Thousands: ܐܠܦ̈ܐ
      • How to read thousands?
  • Ordinal Numbers ܣܕܪܢܝܐ
    • Using Regular Numbers For Ordinal Numbers
  • Fractions ܬܒܪ̈ܐ
  • Percentages
  • Reading Sums of Money
  • Pronouncing Measurements
  • Pronouncing Years
  • Pronouncing Centuries
    • Using regular numbers
    • Using Ordinal Numbers
  • The Parts of the Day: ܥܕܢ̈ܐ ܕܝܘܿܡܐ
  • Time/Hour ܫܥ̱ܬܐ
    • Numbers and Time Examples
  • Chapter 4 Exercises

Chapter 5: Days, Months, Seasons Direction, and Colors
  • The Days ܝܘ̈ܡܬܐ ܕܫܒܬܐ
    • Pronouncing Days
  • The Months ܝܪ̈ܚܐ
    • Pronouncing Date
    • Pronouncing Full Date (Month, Day, Year)
  • The Seasons ܫܘܚܠܦ̈ܐ
    • Water Status Stage ܫܚ̇ܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • The Directions ܨܘܒ̈ܐ
    • Asking for Directions
  • The Colors ܓܘܢ̈ܐ
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 5 Exercises

Chapter 6: The Basic Grammar ܬܘܪܣ ܡܡܠܠܐ
  • The Hard and Soft Letters – ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܪ̈ܟܝܟܐ ܘ ܐܬܘܬܐ ܩܫܝ̄ܐ
  • Prepositions in Syriac
    • For/To     ܬܵܐ
  • The Silent Letters ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܛܠܝܩ̈ܐ
  • he Plural Form ܣܝܡ̈ܐ
    • Irregular Plural Forms
  • The Pronouns          ܚܠܵܦܫܸܡܵܐ
    • First Person            ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
      • I ܐܵܢܵܐ
        • I am
        • Am I?
        • I am not
        • I was
        • Was I?
        • I was not
      • We      ܐܲܚ̇ܢܝܼܢ̄
        • We are
        • Are we?
        • We are not
        • We were
        • Were we?
        • We were not
    • Second Person      ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
      • You
        • You are
        • Are you?
        • You are not
        • You were
        • Were you?
        • You were not
      • You (Plural)
        • You are
        • Are you?
        • You are not
        • You were
        • Were you?
        • You were not
    • Third Person         ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
      • He           ܐܵܗ̄ܘܼ
        • He is         ܐܵܗ̄ܘܼ ܐܝܼܠܹܗ
        • Is he?
        • He is not
        • He was
        • Was he?
        • He was not
      • She         ܐܵܗ̄ܝܼ
        • She is      ܐܵܗ̄ܝܼ ܐܝܼܠܵܗ
        • Is she?
        • She is not
        • She was
        • Was she?
        • She was not
      • They           ܐܲܗ̄ܢܝܼ
        • They are      ܐܲܗ̄ܢܝܼ ܐܝܼܠܲܝ
        • Are they?
        • They are not
        • They were
        • Were they?
        • They were not
  • The Syriac Nouns              ܫܸܡܹ̈ܐ
    • Proper Nouns          ܫܸܡܵܐ ܩܢܘܿܡܵܝܵܐ
      • Persons
      • Places
      • Things
    • Common Nouns          ܫܸܡܵܐ ܓܵܘܵܢܵܝܵܐ
      • Persons
      • Places
      • Things
      • Ideas
    • Collective Nouns                ܫܸܡܵܐ ܓܢܘܼܫܝܵܝܵܐ
    • Possessive Forms of Nouns
      • First, Second, Third Person Possessive
        • First Person              ܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
          • Individual
          • Group
        • Second Person        ܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
          • Individual
          • Group
        • Third Person           ܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
          • Individual
          • Group
  • The Feminine and Masculine Forms ܕܟܪܢܝܐ: ܢܩܒܬܢܝܐ
  • Adjectives                 ܫܘܼܡܵܗܹ̈ܐ
  • Determiners in Syriac
    • Artical
    • Demonstratives
    • Lettle
    • Few
    • Lot(lots, many, large)
    • All of it
    • All of them
    • No one
    • Big
    • Medium
    • Small
  • Conjunction
    • And ܘ
    • Or ܝܲܢ
    • But ܒܲܣ -ܒܲܠܵܟܸܢ
    • Because ܒܹܝܕ
  • Comparative ܒܸܫ
  • Every ܟܘܿܕ
    • Every
    • Each
  • The Question Words in Syriac – ܒܘܩܪ̈ܐ
    • When
    • Where
    • What
    • Whay
    • Who
    • Whose
    • How much
    • How many
    • How
    • Which
    • How often
  • Chapter 6 Exercises

Chapter 7: The Verbs: ܡܠܬܐ
  • The Simple Present Verb               ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܩܵܐܹܡ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
    • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
    • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
    • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • The Present Continuous Verb       ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܩܵܐܹܡ ܣܘܼܥܪܵܢܵܝܵܐ
    • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
    • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
    • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • The Simple Past Verb                     ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܒܲܪ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
    • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
    • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
    • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • The Simple Future Verb                ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܬܼܝܼܖ ܦܫܝܼܛܵܐ
    • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
    • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
    • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • The Future Perfect Tense Verb    ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܕܲܥܬܼܝܼܖ ܓܡܝܼܪܵܐ
    • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
    • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
    • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • The Imperative Form                      ܙܲܒܼܢܵܐ ܦܵܩܘܿܕܵܐ
  • The Verb “To Have” – ̇ܐܝܼܬ
    • Present: (Possessive + ܐܝܼܬ̇ + ܠ)
      • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
      • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
      • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
    • Future:  Possessive + ܠ + ܒܸܕ ܗܵܘܹܐ , Possessive + ܠ + ܙܝܼ ܗܵܘܹܐ
      • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
      • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
      • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
    • Past (had): Possessive + ܐܝܼܬܼܗ̄ܘܵܐ
      • First Person                           ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܩܲܖ̄ܡܵܝܵܐ
      • Second Person                       ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܪܲܝܵܢܵܐ
      • Third Person                          ܦܲܪܨܘܿܦܵܐ ܬܠܝܼܬܼܵܝܵܐ
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
    • There is/are: ܐܝܼܬܼ
    • There was/were: ܐܝܼܬܼܗ̄ܘܵܐ
    • There will be: ܒܸܕ ܗܵܘܹܐ, There is going to be ܙܝܼ ܗܵܘܹܐ
  • The Permission Verb – let (ܫܒܼܘܿܩ)
    • From First Person: (verb + ܬܵܐ + possessive + ܫܒܼܘܿܩ + ܠ)
      • Special Case (ܫܒܼܘܿܕ)
    • To Second Person
    • To Third Person
  • Seeking Permission
  • The Verbs (Have to, Need to)         ܣܢܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Need to: noun + ܣܢܝܼܩܵܐ + ܠ
    • Have to, Has to, Had to / Must                       verb +ܣܢܝܼܩܵ + ܬܵܐ
  • Can/be able to ܐܝܼܬܼ̄ܒ̇
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • Conditional                       ܐܸܢ
  • Chapter 7 Exercises

Chapter 8: The Conversations ܡܚܟܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Daily Statements ܦܬܓܡ̈ܐ ܟܘܕ ܝܘܡܐ
  • Conversations
    • Greetings ܫܠܡ̄ܐ
    • These and Those Conversation
    • This and That Conversation
    • Sweet and Sour Conversation
    • They and Are They Conversation
    • Few, Little, and Lots Conversation
    • Classroom ܨܦܐ
    • Shopping at the Supermarket ܫܘܩܐ
    • Traditional Marriage ܓܘܪܐ ܕܡܬܘܬ̈ܐ
    • A New couple and a priest ܛܠܝܒ̈ܐ ܘܩܫܐ
    • At The Clinic ܡܣܥܪܐ
    • Internal Organs
    • The Outside Members of The Human Body ܓܘܼܫܡܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ
    • Food ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
    • At Restaurant ܒܝܬ ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
    • Building The House ܒܢܝܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
    • Going Outside ܦܠܛܐ ܠܒܪܝܐ

Chapter 9: The Cultural Stories – ܬܘܢܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Helping The Blind Man ܓܒܪܐ ܣܡܝܐ
  • Fortune ܓܙܐ
  • My School        ܡܕܪܫܬܝ
  • Rope ܚܒܠܐ
  • The Family ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
  • Winter         ܣܬܘܐ
  • The Cow and The Frog ܦܩܥ̱ܐ ܘܬܘܪܬܐ
  • The Ant and The Cockroach ܨܨܪܐ ܘܫܟܘܢܐ

Chapter 10: The Vocabulary ܠܟܣܝܩܘܢ
  • Relatives ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܘܬܐ
  • Food ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • Classroom ܣܕܪܐ
  • Animals Sound ܩܠ ܕܚܝܘ̈ܬܐ
  • Colors ܓܘܢ̈ܐ
  • States Of Water ܫܚܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • Time Of The Day ܥܕܢ̈ܬܐ ܕܝܘܡܐ
  • The Human Body ܓܘܫܡܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ
  • The Fingers ܨܒܥ̈̈ܬܐ ܕܐܝܕܐ
  • The Stages Of Human Life ܡܫܩܠ̈ܐ ܕܚܝ̈ܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ

Appendix A
  • Letter Alignment Connections
  • Sounds

Appendix B
  • Punctuation
  • Special Characters and Ligatures
  • Modifiers

Appendix C
  • The Hard and Soft Letters Rules
    • Hard Letters
    • Soft Letters

Appendix D
  • The Preposition Letters Rules

Appendix E
  • Silent Letters

Appendix F
  • Rules how to apply ܣܝܵܡܹ̈ܐ (Plural)

Appendix G
  • Human Body

Appendix H
  • International Numerals

References ܫܪ̈ܫܐ