Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1
The History of The Aramaic and Syriac Languages: ܬܫܥܝܬܐ ܕܠܫ̈ܢܐ ܐܪܡܝܐ ܘܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ

Chapter 2: The Modern Syriac Language – Eastern Dialect - ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ ـ ܠܥܙܐ ܡܕܢܚܝܐ
  • Syriac Language Dialects
    • The Eastern Dialect
    • The Western Dialect
    • The Syriac Translation
  • Syriac Scripts
    • Estrangelo
    • Serto
    • Garshouni
  • Syriac Language  ܠܫܢܐ ܐ̄ܣܘܪܝܝܐ
    • Eastern Alphabet – ܐܬܘܬ̈ܐ ܡܕܚܝܐ
    • Final Form
    • The Special Form of ܬ (Taw)
    • Un-joined Letters
    • Vowels
    • Numerical Values
    • Characters Key
  • Western Letters: ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܡܥܪ̈ܒܝܐ (ܣܝܼܪܬܘܼ)
    • Western Vowels
  • The Eastern Syriac Seven Vowels – ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
    • Sqapa     ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Pthaha    ܦܬܵܚܵܐ
    • Zlama Psheeqa   ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya     ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Zlama Qishya     ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Rawahha             ܪܘܵܚܵܐ ܘ
    • Rawassa              ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
    • Hawassa              ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝ
  • The First Group – ܐܒܓܕ
    • Alap: ܐܲܠܲܦ –  ܐ    ܐ
    • Beth:   ܒܹܝܬܼ – ܒ
    • Gamal ܓ – ܓܲܡܲܠ
    • Dalath: ܕ ܕ  –  ܕܲܠܲܬܼ
  • The Second Group – ܗܘܙ
    • Heh: ܗ ܗ – ܗܹܐ
    • Wow:  ܘ– ܘܵܐܘ
    • Zain:  ܙ– ܙܲܝܢ
  • The Third Group – ܚܛܝ
    • Heth:  ܚ–ܚܹܝܬܼ
    • Teth: ܛ – ܛܹܝܬܼ
    • Yod: ܝ –ܝܘܿܕ
  • The Fourth Group – ܟܠܡܢ
    • Kap and Kap: ܟܢ ܟ ܟܵܦ ܘ ܟܵܦ
    • Lamath: ܠ – ܠܲܡܲܖ
    • Meem  and Meem:ܡܒܡ –ܡܝܼܡ ܘ ܡܝܼܡ
    • Noon  and Noon:  ܢ ܢܢ –  ܢܘܼܢ ܘ ܢܘܼܢ
  • The Fifth Group – ܣܥܦܨ
    • Simkath: ܣ – ܣܸܡܟܲܬܼ
    • Aeh: ܥ – ܥܹܐ
    • Peh: ܦ – ܦܹܐ
    • Sade: ܨ – ܨܵܕܹܐ
  • The Sixth Group –  ܩܪܫܬ
    • Qop: ܩ – ܩܘܿܦ
    • Resh: ܪ ܪ – ܪܹܫ
    • Sheen: ܫ – ܫܝܼܢ
    • Taw: ܬ  ܬ– ܬܵܐܘ
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 2 Exercises

Chapter 3: The Vowels - ܙܘܥ̈ܐ
  • Syllabification and Pronunciation – ܪܬܡܐ
  • Sqapa  ܙܩܵܦܵܐ
    • Words Containing Sqapa
  • Pthaha  ܦܬܼܵܚܵܐ
    • Words Containing Pthaha
  • Zlama Psheeqa  ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܦܫܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Psheeqa
  • Zlama Qishya  ܙܠܵܡܵܐ ܩܸܫܝܵܐ
    • Words Containing Zlama Qishya
  • Vowels That Derived From  ܘ
    • Rawahha  ܘܿ   ܪܘܵܚܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawahha
    • Rawassa ܘܼ  ܪܒܼܵܨܵܐ
      • Words Containing Rawassa
  • Vowel That Derived From ܝ
    • Hawassa ܚܒܼܵܨܵܐ ܝܼ
      • Words Containing Hawassa
  • More Syllabification and Pronunciation
  • Chapter 3 Review
  • Chapter 3 Exercises

Chapter 4: Numbers and Time - ܡܢܝܢ̈ܐ ܘ ܥܕܢܐ
  • The Names of Number in Syriac
    • Counting By Tens (20 to 90)
    • Compound Numbers: 21 to 99
    • Hundreds: ܐܡ̈ܐ
      • How to read hundreds?
    • The Numerical Values and Names Behind 499
    • Thousands: ܐܠܦ̈ܐ
      • How to read thousands?
  • The International Numerals
  • Ordinal Numbers ܣܕܪܢܝܐ
    • Using Regular Numbers For Ordinal Numbers
  • Fractions ܬܒܪ̈ܐ
  • Percentages
  • Reading Sums of Money
  • Pronouncing Measurements
  • Pronouncing Years
  • Pronouncing Centuries
    • Using regular numbers
    • Using Ordinal Numbers
  • The Parts of the Day:    ܥܕܢ̈ܐ ܕܝܘܿܡܐ
  • Time/Hour         ܫܥ̱ܬܐ
    • Numbers and Time Examples
  • Chapter 4 Exercises

Chapter 5: Days, Months, Seasons Direction, and Colors
  • The Days          ܝܘ̈ܡܬܐ ܕܫܒܬܐ
    • Pronouncing Days
  • The Months      ܝܪ̈ܚܐ
    • Pronouncing Date
    • Pronouncing Full Date (Month, Day, Year)
  • The Seasons      ܫܘܚܠܦ̈ܐ
    • Water Status Stage      ܫܚ̇ܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • The Directions    ܨܘܒ̈ܐ
    • Asking for Directions
  • The Colors      ܓܘܢ̈ܐ
  • Vocabulary
  • Chapter 5  Exercises

Chapter 6: The Basic Grammar ܬܘܪܣ ܡܡܠܠܐ
  • The Hard and Soft Letters – ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܪ̈ܟܝܟܐ ܘ ܐܬܘܬܐ ܩܫܝ̄ܐ
  • Prepositions in Syriac
  • The Silent Letters          ܐܬܘܬـܐ ܛܠܝܩ̈ܐ
  • The Pronouns
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • The Syriac Nouns
    • Proper Nouns
    • Common Nouns
    • Collective Nouns
    • Possessive Forms of Nouns
      • First, Second, Third Person Possessive
        • First Person
          • Individual
          • Group
        • Second Person
          • Individual
          • Group
        • Third Person
          • Individual
          • Group
  • The Feminine and Masculine Forms  ܕܟܪܢܝܐ: ܢܩܒܬܢܝܐ
  • Adjectives
  • Comparative    ܒܸܫ
  • Every     ܟܘܿܕ
    • Every
    • Each
  • Determiners in Syriac
    • Articles
    • Possessive
    • Demonstratives
  • Conjunction
    • And  ܘ
    • Or   ܝܲܢ
    • But      ܒܲܣ -ܒܲܠܵܟܸܢ
    • Because           ܒܹܝܕ
  • The Plural Form ܣܝܡ̈ܐ
    • Irregular Plural Forms
  • The Question Words in Syriac – ܒܘܩܪ̈ܐ
  • Chapter 6 Exercises

Chapter 7: The Verbs: ܡܠܬܐ
  • The Simple Present Verb
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • The Simple Past Verb
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • The Present Continuous Verb
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • The Simple Future Verb
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • The Imperative Form
  • The Verb Have – ̇ܐܝܼܬ  (there is/are, exist)
    • Present: (Possessive + ܐܝܼܬ̇ + ܠ)
      • First Person
      • Second Person
      • Third Person
    • Past: Possessive + ܐܝܼܬܼܗ̄ܘܵܐ + ܠ
      • First Person
      • Second Person
      • Third Person
    • Future: Possessive + ܒܸܕ ܗܵܘܹܐ + ܠ
      • First Person
      • Second Person
      • Third Person
    • Past (had): Possessive + ܐܝܼܬܼܗ̄ܘܵܐ
      • First Person
      • Second Person
      • Third Person
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
    • There is/are: ܐܝܼܬܼ
    • There was/were: ܐܝܼܬܼܗ̄ܘܵܐ
    • There will be: ܒܸܕ ܗܵܘܹܐ, There is going to be ܙܝܼ ܗܵܘܹܐ
  • The Permission Verb – let       (ܫܒܼܘܿܩ)
    • From First Person: (verb + ܬܵܐ + possessive + ܫܒܼܘܿܩ + ܠ)
      • Special Case (ܫܒܼܘܿܕ)
    • To Second Person
    • To Third Person
  • The Verb         ܣܢܝܼܩܵܐ
    • Need to:          noun + ܣܢܝܼܩܵܐ + ܠ
    • Have to, Has to, Had to / Must           verb +ܣܢܝܼܩܵ + ܬܵܐ
  • Can/be able to ܐܝܼܬܼ̄ܒ̇
    • First Person
    • Second Person
    • Third Person
  • Chapter 7 Exercises

Chapter 8: The Conversations ܡܚܟܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Daily Statements        ܦܬܓܡ̈ܐ ܟܘܕ ܝܘܡܐ
  • Greetings           ܫܠܡ̄ܐ
  • Classroom         ܨܦܐ
  • Supermarket      ܫܘܩܐ
  • Traditional Marriage      ܓܘܪܐ ܕܡܬܘܬ̈ܐ
  • New couple and the priest          ܛܠܝܒ̈ܐ ܘܩܫܐ
  • At The Clinic    ܡܣܥܪܐ
  • Human Body     ܓܘܼܫܡܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ
  • Food      ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • At Restaurant   ܒܝܬ ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • Building The House      ܒܢܝܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
  • Going Outside ܦܠܛܐ ܠܒܪܝܐ

Chapter 9: The Cultural Stories – ܬܘܢܝ̈ܬܐ
  • Helping The Blind Man            ܓܒܪܐ ܣܡܝܐ
  • Fortune            ܓܙܐ
  • Rope       ܚܒܠܐ
  • The Family        ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܐ ܕܒܝܬܐ
  • The Cow and The Frog            ܦܩܥ̱ܐ ܘܬܘܪܬܐ
  • The Ant and The Cockroach    ܨܨܪܐ ܘܫܟܘܢܐ

Chapter 10: The Vocabulary ܠܟܣܝܩܘܢ
  • Relatives            ܐ̄ܢܫ̈ܘܬܐ
  • Food        ܡܐܟܠܬܐ
  • Classroom          ܣܕܪܐ
  • Animals Sound             ܩܠ ܕܚܝܘ̈ܬܐ
  • Colors     ܓܘܢ̈ܐ
  • States Of Water            ܫܚܢܘܬܐ ܕܡܝܐ
  • Time Of The Day        ܥܕܢ̈ܬܐ ܕܝܘܡܐ
  • The Human Body        ܓܘܫܡܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ
  • The Fingers ܨܒܥ̈̈ܬܐ ܕܐܝܕܐ
  • The Stages Of Human Life   ܡܫܩܠ̈ܐ ܕܚܝ̈ܐ ܕܒܪܢܫܐ

Appendix A
  • Letter Alignment Connections
  • Sounds

Appendix B
  • Punctuation
  • Special Characters and Ligatures
  • Modifiers

References        ܫܪ̈ܫܐ